Ukraina dating access
Today Ukraine is developing shale gas deposits and hoping to export this to western Europe by 2020 through the established pipeline infrastructure crossing its territory from the east.Total electricity production in 2016 amounted to 165 TWh, with 4 TWh net exports to Europe.Following the addition of two new VVER-1000 reactors in 2005, capacity increased to 13,107 which was 26.3% of the country’s total installed capacity.Energoatom expects nuclear to retain its contribution of 50-52% of Ukraine's electricity in 2020.A large share of primary energy supply in Ukraine comes from the country's uranium and substantial coal resources.The remainder is oil and gas, mostly imported from Russia, but increasingly from the EU*.This will enable greater use of Ukraine’s nuclear capacity and is to generate funds to pay for increasing that capacity at Khmelnitski by completing units 3&4.A 750 k V, 2000 MW transmission connection from Khmelnistki 2 to Rzeszow in Poland is planned, taking in also Ukraine’s Burshtyn coal-fired plant in the far west of the country, with Khmelnistki 2 then being disconnected from the Ukraine grid and synchronized with the EU grid, as Burshtyn already is*.
In August 2016 Energoatom signed an agreement with Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power (KHNP), one objective of which is to cooperate in the Ukraine-EU 'energy bridge' project, as well as completing Khmelnitski 3&4.
Much of the coal-fired plant is old and with unconstrained emissions, and nearly half of it is due to close down.
A new 750 k V link from Rovno to Kiev was commissioned in December 2015, and allowed Rovno and Khmelnitski plants to operate at full power (4,840 MWe gross) for the first time.
A further update of energy strategy in August 2017 put the nuclear share of electricity at about 50% to 2035, with hydro 13% and other renewables 25%.
Nuclear generation is the responsibility of State Enterprise National Nuclear Energy Generating Company Energoatom (NNEGC Energoatom), established in October 1996.